OneDrive for Business
This is why so many are still unsure as to what it actually does. As you may already know, Microsoft has a public offering called OneDrive. This is a personal online storage service, easily comparable to one you may already know, Dropbox. You store files in your OneDrive and access them from anywhere, or you can even send links to people so they can see it, based on the permissions given. This service is often included if you have an outlook.com account, or even a Windows Phone - large email attachments and phone pictures will automatically be uploaded to your personal online storage, OneDrive.
Essentially the concept of OneDrive is simple: upload your files, and access them from anywhere. You have about 7GB of personal storage, or more depending on things like whether you have a Windows Phone associated to the account, or if you spend more to get more. Making simple collaboration possible.
You already know OneDrive? Good. Now forget everything, because it has nothing to do with OneDrive for Business.
OneDrive for Business is first a synchronization tool
Understand that today, the brand for the service of OneDrive for Business does and enables a lot more, however at the core it was just a sync tool. Either by installing Office 2013 on your computer or through a standalone installer, you would install OneDrive for Business.
Once installed on your computer, whenever you click on the button to Sync on a document library, it then launches the tool installed and starts synchronizing.
Technically, that’s all OneDrive for Business is. It’s a tool that allows you to synchronize offline the files you need to work with.
Synchronizing the main OneDrive for Business Library
Synchronizing any SharePoint Document Library
However, through the evolution of the SharePoint brand and the continuing efforts made by Microsoft to compete on the cloud market, OneDrive for Business is becoming a whole lot more.